What are cataracts?
Although cute it’s those big eyes that can cause pugs to have a range of problems over their lifetimes. Cataracts are one of the most common eye problems pugs have to suffer through. A combination of their flat face and protruding eyes leaves the cornea more exposed to the air. This means it is easier for the dog to scrape the eye whilst walking about or generally contract infections. Pugs are also genetically predisposed to eye problems so owners should keep this in mind when opting to take care of a pug.
A cataract is a disruption of the eyes lens fibres that interfere with the pugs sight by partially or completely blocking the clarity of the lens. A small cataract will usually not significantly interfere with the pugs vision. A large cataract however, could leave your pug blind so owners should be aware of the early signs and seek treatment as soon as possible.
Cataracts can be a result of old age or heredity. Genetics and illness may be a factor in your pug developing cataracts. If your pugs cataracts are due to illness, treating the disease may help with getting rid of the cataracts. They may not be painful for your pug but can cause them to lose their sight.
The image below shows the telltale sign of ‘milky eye’ often associated with cataracts.
There is no effective treatment for cataracts other than surgery. The success rate for cataract surgery is around 90%, but it’s a delicate procedure and it requires extensive postoperative care by the pugs owner. During surgery a veterinary ophthalmologist removes the lens and replaces it with a plastic or acrylic prosthetic lens to allow for more focused vision. Your pug will have to wear a protective collar until his eye heals, and you will need to keep him quiet and calm. The owner will also have top administer eye drops several times a day for a few weeks. Seek help from your veterinarian if you think your pugs cataracts are affecting his vision enough to warrant surgery.
pugcare.co.uk is not a replacement for proper veterinary care, if you are concerned about your pugs welfare please see a professional.